SQ3R Study Method
SQ3R also known as (SQRRR)is a reading comprehension method named for its five steps: survey, question, read, recite, and review. The method was introduced by Francis P. Robinson, an American education philosopher in his 1946 book Effective Study.
The method offers a more efficient and active approach to reading textbook material. It was created for college students, but is extremely useful for young students as well. Classrooms all over the world have begun using this method to better understand what they are reading.
SQ3R is a Reading/Study formula designed to help process and increase retention of written information.
It consists of the following five steps.
SQ3R will help you build a framework to understand your reading assignment.
Before you read, SURVEY the chapter:
the title, headings, and subheadings
captions under pictures, charts, graphs or maps
review questions or teacher-made study guides
introductory and concluding paragraphs
QUESTION while you are surveying:
Turn the title, headings, and/or subheadings into questions
Read questions at the end of the chapters or after each subheading
Ask yourself, "What did my instructor/teacher says about this chapter or subject
when it was assigned?"
Ask yourself, "What do I already know about this subject?"
Note: If it is helpful to you, write out these questions for consideration.
When you begin to READ:
Look for answers to the questions you first raised
Answer questions at the beginning or end of chapters or study guides
Reread captions under pictures, graphs, etc.
Note all the underlined, italicized, bold printed words or phrases
Study graphic aids
Reduce your speed for difficult passages
Stop and reread parts which are not clear
Read only a section at a time and recite after each section
Recite after you've read a section:
Orally ask yourself questions about what you have just read, or summarize, in your own words, what you read
Take notes from the text but write the information in your own words
Underline or highlight important points you've just read
The more senses you use the more likely you are to remember what you read Triple strength learning: Seeing, saying, hearing
Quadruple strength learning: Seeing , saying , hearing, writing!!!
REVIEW: an ongoing process